Obesity and overweight are the common problems that increasing day by day in the world. These conditions are because of increase in the size and amount of the fat cells in the body. Obesity is a condition in which a person has accumulated a high level of body fat that further has a negative effect on the health.
People become obese because of
- Consuming high level of calories
- Living a sedentary lifestyle
- Not sleeping enough
- Endocrine disruptors
- Smoking suppresses appetite
- Medication that puts on patient weight
The doctors can measure body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference to screen and diagnose Obesity and overweight.
Obesity can develop some serious medical problems, such as
- Metabolic syndrome
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- High blood cholesterol
- Sleep disorders
The treatment for obesity depends on the cause and severity of patient condition and complications. The obesity treatment includes
- Changes in Lifestyle
- Healthy food
- Increase physical activities
- Weight loss medicines
Weight loss medicine should approve by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Sometimes surgery may be the treatment option. The surgery is known as Bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is an option for the people who suffered from severe obesity and were not able to lose weight with other methods or had severe obesity-related health problems. Bariatric surgery is a type of operation that makes changes in the digestive system to lose weight. Bariatric surgery is recommended for the teens and adults who have serious obesity-related health problems such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or sleep apnea. Surgery is the best option to lose weight, if the patient suffers any of above problems.
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