Liver cancer is cancer that begins in the cells of your liver. Your liver is a football-sized organ that sits in the upper right portion of your abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common form of liver cancer , which begins in the main type of liver cell. Other types of cells in the liver can develop cancer, but these are much less common. Not all cancers that affect the liver are treated as liver cancer.
Most people don’t have signs and symptoms in the initial stages of primary liver cancer. When signs and symptoms do appear, they may include:
- Upper abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Losing weight without trying
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal swelling
- General weakness and fatigue
- White, chalky stools
Cirrhosis can have a number of different causes, including drinking excessive amounts of alcohol over many years and having a long-term hepatitis C or hepatitis B viral infection.
Obesity and an unhealthy diet can raise the risk of liver cancer because this can lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
By cutting down or avoiding on alcohol, and exercising usually, eating healthily, taking steps to decrease your risk of becoming infected with hepatitis B and C, you may be able to significantly decrease your chances of developing liver cancer.
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