In recent years, the number of overweight people in industrialized countries has increased significantly, so much so that the World Health Organization (WHO) has called obesity an epidemic. In the United States, 69% of the adult population is overweight or obese. In Canada, the self-reported data shows that 40% of men and 27% of women are overweight, and 20% of men and 17% of women are obese. in India, the figures may not be this high but the growth rate is vigorous.
People who are obese are at a much higher risk for serious medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, gallbladder disease, and different cancers than people who have a healthy weight.
Causes of Obesity
Obesity occurs when your body consumes more calories than it burns. Recent research shows that in some cases, certain genetic factors may cause the changes in appetite and fat metabolism that lead to obesity.
Certain medical conditions such as binge eating disorder (BED), Cushings disease, and polycystic ovary syndrome can also lead to weight gain and obesity. BED is an eating disorder where a person has recurrent episodes of binge eating. During these episodes, the individual eats a large amount of food quickly and feels a lack of control over this eating.
What are the symptoms of obesity ?
- Breathing disorders
- Coronary artery (heart) disease
- gallbladder or liver disease
- high blood pressure
- high cholesterol
- joint disease
- Obesity treatment procedure
Changing your lifestyle
Obesity is managed and treated to decrease the health risks caused by obesity and to improve quality of life. What’s important is to eat a healthy, balanced diet to lose weight successfully, and to maintain a healthy weight, requires changes in eating and exercise habits as well as an understanding of emotional factors that lead to overeating. Regular physical activity is an important part of weight management.
Medications may be part of a weight management program. Some medications are approved for short-term use only. Talk to your doctor about whether medications are an option for you.
Surgery is only considered when other weight management options have not been successful. There are many forms of obesity surgery, but often surgery reduces the size of the stomach so that only a small amount of food can be eaten comfortably. Some of the terms used to describe the surgeries used to treat obesity include:
- Bariatric surgery
- Gastric bypass surgery
- Laparoscopic band surgery
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
- Stomach “stapling”
Dr Balachandran Premkumar a distinguished Gastro Surgeon with 12 years of experience in medical field. He offers Bariatric Surgery in Chennai. We offers various treatment procedures and facilities using latest and advanced technologies in a reasonable cost. We completely focusing on patients satisfaction.
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